Cambodia – WaterSHED, in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), is conducting a formative study on infant and young child faeces management and potential enabling products for their hygienic collection, transport, and disposal in Cambodia.
The study aims to identify current practices and use of equipment or materials related to faces collection, transport, and disposal among caregivers with at least one child under five-years of age and with an improved household sanitation facility.
The researchers also want to determine barriers and motivators for hygienic feces management, which includes using or disposing of feces in a latrine and washing the child and caregivers hands afterwards.
A global inventory was also conducted in order to categorize the range of products that have already been developed and to ascertain the acceptability and appeal of relevant enabling products or product designs that would be used to increase hygienic feces management practices.
One of the researchers, Ms. Molly Miller-Petrie of LSHTM, said that the study is not the first in the world but it is likely the first in Cambodia. The study will provide a baseline for further research in the future.
Children in Cambodia, especially in rural or remote areas, typically defecate on the yard or fields. However, there is a desire to use latrines and other products, such as diapers and potties. Ms. Miller-Petrie quoted a respondent as saying “He can go to the bathroom in the yard now because he is so small, but if he was bigger the latrine would be a better place”.
Started from June 2014, the study, which covers two provinces where WaterSHED is working on sanitation promotion, will issue its findings in September 2014.